MITSUBISHI ESTATE Annual Report 2014
FINANCIAL SECTIONNotes to Consolidated Financial StatementsMitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd. and Consolidated SubsidiariesYears ended March 31, 2014 and 20131 Significant Accounting Policiesa. Basis of preparationThe accompanying consolidated financial statements of Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd. (the “Company”) and consolidated subsidiaries are prepared on the basis of accounting principles generally accepted in Japan, which are different in certain respects as to the application and disclosure requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards, and are compiled from the consolidated financial statements prepared by the Company as required by the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act of Japan.The notes to the consolidated financial statements include informa-tion which may not be required under accounting principles generally accepted in Japan but is presented herein as additional information.As permitted by the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act of Japan, amounts of less than one million yen have been rounded off. As a result, the totals shown in the accompanying consolidated financial statements (both in yen and U.S. dollars) do not necessarily agree with the sums of the individual amounts.Certain amounts in the prior year’s financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.b. Principles of consolidationThe accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries that it controls directly or indirectly. Companies over which the Company exercises significant influence in terms of their operating and financial policies have been included in the consolidated financial statements on an equity basis.All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.c. Use of estimatesThe preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. The actual results could differ from those estimates.d. Foreign currency translationCurrent and non-current monetary accounts denominated in foreign currencies are translated into yen at the current rates.The revenue and expense accounts of the foreign consolidated subsidiaries are translated using the average rate during the year. Except for shareholders’ equity, the balance sheet accounts are also translated into yen at the rates of exchange in effect at the balance sheet date. The components of shareholders’ equity are translated at their historical exchange rates.e. Cash equivalentsThe Company and its consolidated subsidiaries consider all highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash and have an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Reconciliation between cash in the balance sheets and cash equivalents at March 31, 2014 and 2013 is presented in Note 16.f. Marketable securities and investment securitiesSecurities other than those of subsidiaries and affiliates are classified into three categories: trading, held-to-maturity or other securities. Trading securities are carried at fair value and held-to-maturity securities are carried at amortized cost. Marketable securities classified as other securities are carried at fair value with any changes in unrealized holding gain or loss, net of the applicable income taxes, included directly in shareholders’ equity. Non-marketable securities classified as other securities are carried at cost. Cost of securities sold is determined by the moving average method.g. InventoriesInventories are mainly stated at cost, determined by the identified cost method. Net book value of inventories in the consolidated balance sheets is written down when their net realizable values decline.h. Property and equipment, depreciation and impairmentProperty and equipment, except for land as discussed below, is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is calculated principally by the declining-balance method, except for buildings acquired in Japan subsequent to March 31, 1998 and property and equipment of foreign subsidiaries on which depreciation is calculated by the straight-line method at rates determined based on the estimated useful lives of the respective assets. The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries have capitalized the costs incurred for significant renewals and additions; however, costs for maintenance and repairs are charged to income.As of March 31, 2002, the Company revalued its land at fair value, pursuant to Article 2 of the “Enforcement Ordinance for the Law Concerning Revaluation Reserve for Land” and its amendments. The related unrealized gain, net of applicable income taxes, has been recorded as “Land revaluation reserve” in net assets.The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries review their property and equipment (including land) for impairment whenever events or changes in its business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. They perform cash flow analyses to determine if impairment exits. If impairment is determined to exist, any related loss on impairment is calculated based on the cash flow analyses.The useful lives of property and equipment are summarized as follows:Buildings and structures2 to 75 yearsi. Intangible and other assetsIntangible and other assets primarily consist of goodwill and land use rights. Goodwill is stated on the basis of cost and is being amortized over a period of 5 years or an estimated economical period on a straight-line basis. A loss is recognized if the fair value falls below the carrying amount. Land use rights are stated on a cost basis.j. Retirement benefitsAccrued retirement benefits and prepaid pension cost for employees have been recorded mainly at the amount calculated based on the retirement benefit obligation and the fair value of the pension plan assets as of balance sheet date.The retirement benefit obligation for employees is attributed to each period by the straight-line method over the estimated years of service of the eligible employees.Actuarial gain or loss is amortized in the year following the year in which the gain or loss is recognized primarily by the straight-line method over periods (mainly 1 year through 15 years), which are shorter than the average remaining years of service of employees.Certain foreign consolidated subsidiaries have adopted the corridor approach for the amortization of actuarial gain or loss.Prior service cost is being amortized as incurred by the straight-line method over periods (mainly 1 year through 10 years), which are shorter than the average remaining years of service of employees.k. Income taxesDeferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the financial statements and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using the enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the temporary differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for the estimated future tax effects attributable to operating loss carry forwards. Valuation allowances are established to reduce deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. 56MITSUBISHI ESTATE CO., LTD.